Friday, September 27, 2013

Thursday, September 26, 2013

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

There are three separate adjoining cemeteries of the past next to the Garden of Tane.
Catholic -  the first known burial there was 1863.
Dissenters - the first known burial there was 1873.
Anglican - the first known burial there was 1857.
They all had cool old headstones but I liked this one the best.

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

In the Garden there were two old cemeteries. Many of the headstones and monuments in the cemeteries were still unstable due to the 2011 Christchurch earthquake.

Monday, September 23, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

If you walk through the Gardens to the Akaroa Head Lighthouse you get this nice view. It also has quite a history. -- The Akaroa lighthouse was situated on Banks Peninsula on the eastern head of the Akaroa harbour.
During the lighthouse survey of 1874 on board the Luna, John Blackett, Marine Engineer and Captain Robert Johnson, Nautical Advisor selected the Akaroa Heads as a possible site for a lighthouse. At the time, there was a good timber trade out of the port and Akaroa was considered likely to be a major port or even a principal navy base. It was also known for its many shipwrecks since at least 25 ships had already wrecked in the area. The first recorded being the Atlantic which was wrecked in 1839, fortunately with no loss of life.
On 21 January, 1875, the Akaroa Heads was chosen as suitable lighthouse site. Two years later, in March, 1877 the Marine Engineer marked out the site and the lantern was ordered from Europe.
The New Zealand Government initially wanted the cost of construction shared between themselves and the Canterbury Provincial Council. The Provincial Council declined to provide any money for the project, however, before any further negotiations could be made, the Provincial Governments were dissolved under the Abolition Of Provinces Act of 1876 so the New Zealand Government bore the full cost of construction, £7150.
Construction begun on 23 April, 1878 on a site just to the east of a small inlet called Haylocks that ran inland about 200 yards. First a road was blasted out of solid rock up to the lighthouse site. The road, 500 metres long, took 10 months to build.
On 21 February 1879, a landing stage and derrick were built from kauri timber to unload supplies, with the derrick towering 70 feet above the high water line.  Then on 7 March, 1879, Black Brothers commenced assembly of the  wooden lighthouse structure which had been pre-cut in the UK and shipped to New Zealand aboard the Duke Of Argyle.
The lens was manufactured in France. The mechanism was manufactured in Scotland.
Due to the sometimes harsh southerly winds, construction was slow with one storm completely demolishing the half standing structure. In another storm on 30 March 1879, the construction overseer, Mr. William Black, was found dead from exposure while riding on horseback the 10km trip from the site to the town.
The tower is a six-sided Victorian structure with four levels and is 12.5 metres high and 5.49 metres wide at the base, the frame is of Australian hardwood with linings and weather boards of New Zealand Kauri.  The walls are double skinned and filled 2/3rds high with ballast to weigh the structure down, preventing it from being blown off the cliff. The dome is copper and the flagpole is Oregon timber.
The light was first lit on 1 January 1880 and stood 270 feet above sea level.
The light was a second order dioptric holophotal revolving light, hand made in France and designed by Augustin Freznelk, a French physicist and lighthouse engineer.  The lens, which is over 2 metres high and 1.5 metres in diameter, rotated by clockwork, driving 8 prisms around a central oil burning wick. The lens rotated in 80 seconds, giving a periodicity of 10 seconds to the flashes which was visible for 23 miles.
The first two keepers were Alexander Parks (Principal Keeper) and Martin Nelson (Assistant Keeper) and they manned the light working four hour shifts.
During the early years, it was one of the least popular stations with the keepers and was commonly referred to as the "penal" station. Communication with the Akaroa township was also a problem until a telephone was installed on 27 February, 1885. The station was also a Lloyds signal station and when ships arrived off the coast they requested that their owners or agents be notified. Before the telephone was installed this meant the assistant keeper had to walk to Akaroa township to use the phone.  Another event that improved station life also happened in March, 1885. The station received it's first horse. She was named Polly.
From 1907 to 1977, the keepers were also responsible for weather reports to be sent 4 times a day to the New Zealand Meteorological Service. In all, there were more than 80,000 weather reports sent over the 70-year period.
The light originally used a wick burner kerosene system, but in 1917 a Chand incandescent petroleum vapour kerosene burner was installed.
In 1935 a kerosene powered generator was installed ending the task of winding up the clock mechanism.
In 1951 a new powerhouse was built for the light to be run from a diesel powered generator.  A 1000 watt electric system with an output of one million candlepower was installed.
Sometime later the lighthouse was connected to mains electricity.
The principal keeper's house burnt down during the night in 1952. In 1960 the assistant keeper's house was removed.
In 1977, the last keeper was withdrawn and the old lighthouse was closed. A new replacement tower was built with an automatic light.
The following year a Lighthouse Preservation Society was formed in Akaroa and by the end of the year the tower was cut into three pieces and maneuvered over the steep and narrow Lighthouse Road down to Akaroa.  The lighthouse was re-assembled on the waterfront at Cemetery Point. The original lighting equipment, which had been salvaged before the tower was moved, was then re-installed. The restoration was completed on 4 October, 1980.

Friday, September 20, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

Here are two Macro flower images to end the week.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

While in the Garden I found the Piwakawaka, the New Zealand Fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa) which is a small insectivorous bird.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

The Garden of Tane had this Old Fashioned Playground.

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

Next we visited Akaroa where we hiked through the Garden of Tane. Trails wandered everywhere like a maze. The Garden of Tane was a beautiful bush reserve.

Monday, September 16, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

Here are two prickly pictures to end my visit to Dunedin Botanic Garden.

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

9/11 Remembrance

Double Rainbow over San Diego in honor of the victims of 9/11.

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

Here is an example of a carnivorous Pitcher Plant that attracts and traps insects. Yum!

Monday, September 9, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

I bet you don't have one of these plants in your garden.

Friday, September 6, 2013

Thursday, September 5, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

These two whimsical statues were in the Gardens. Peter Pan & Tinkerbell on the left was dedicated to ‘the Children of Today, Tomorrow and the Future’. Crafted by English sculpture Cecil Thomas and cast by John Galixia & Son, Bronze Founders of London, Peter was installed in 1963. On the right is part of the Wolf Harris Fountain. It was gifted to the citizens of Dunedin in 1890 and first erected in ‘The Triangle’, later named Queens Gardens, but removed to make way for the Cenotaph after World War One.  It was held in storage until the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition at Logan Park in 1925-26 when it was resurrected and erected in the ‘grand court’. After the Exhibition, it was relocated to the Botanic Garden. It reminded me of Manneken Pis, which is in Brussels, Belgium.

Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Happy Birthday

Guess who is having a BIG Birthday today? - My Honey!

Tuesday, September 3, 2013

South Pacific - New Zealand

Here are two ducks that were being lazy next to the pond in the park.